Is Vatican City really a country
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. It is the residence of the spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church. Its territory is surrounded by the Italian capital city Rome, and priests and nuns of many nationalities make up almost all of the population Vatican City.
In 1929 Vatican City’s independent sovereignty was recognized by the Fascist Italian government in the Lateran Treaty. Sovereignty is exercised by the pope upon his election as the head of the Roman Catholic Church. He has absolute executive, legislative, and judicial powers within the city.
Area, Population & Surroundings
Encircled by a 2-mile border with Italy, Vatican City is an independent city–state that covers just over 100 acres, making it one-eighth the size of New York’s Central Park. According to the latest statistics, the total population of Vatican City is only 801 people.
Infrastructure & Defense
Vatican City has its own telephone system, post office, gardens, astronomical observatory, radio station, banking system, and pharmacy, as well as a contingent of Swiss Guards responsible for the personal safety of the pope since 1506. The Vatican mints its own euros, prints its own stamps, issues passports and license plates, operates media outlets and has its own flag and anthem
Most Important Place
The most imposing building is St. Peter’s Basilica, built during the 4th century and rebuilt during the 16th century. Erected over the tomb of St. Peter the Apostle, it is the second-largest religious building (after Yamoussoukro Basilica) in Christendom.
Some Facts about Vatican City
- Vatican City is the smallest country in the world.
- For nearly 60 years in the 1800s and 1900s, popes refused to leave the Vatican.
- The Swiss Guard was hired as a mercenary force.
- Almost all supplies—including food, water, electricity, and gas are imported.
- There is no income tax and no restriction on the import or export of funds.
- It derives its income from the voluntary contributions of more than one billion Roman Catholics worldwide.