Humans throughout their existence are blindly following the myth that WORLD RESOURCES ARE SCARCE and as result, they started being greedy for capturing them all and not giving others anything. This mentality of greed and control over the world has led humans to develop tools and techniques of destruction which they believe will provide them a firm grip on the earth. Since all human race have this nature in common so each nation these days are working to capture or to eliminate any capture attempt thus we are our own enemies.

There is Difference in the Intent and Claim

This evil intent is translated in the Bioengineering and this word moreover veiled in a cover of Humans Well Being or a POSITIVE way of using these bio-engineering techniques for serving humanity like Microbes which are microscopic organisms that we use to bake bread, brew beer, and lately, an engineer with synthetic DNA to create new biological systems. In this world of synthetic biology, a microbe is seen as a structural frame to add genes & DNA. It’ll get tested and have its performance improved, so it can hopefully do something useful for the world. But the humans’ evil intent was something else they were working on their dreams of destabilizing the rest of the human race not realizing that this warfare is a suicide and the initiator has more or less equal chances of suffering.

Bioengineering from Human Welfare to Wars

Yet this potential to modify living organisms and steer them towards global problems is often met with a dark side. It’s a swing between promise and total insecurity. To understand why this, we have to go back to the early 2000s The Human Genome Project was nearing the finish line and scientists had new molecular tools to dream up promising applications. And, at that time a major terrorist attack hit New York City, World Trade Center. At that point, synthetic biology became a potential tool for a whole new kind of weapon.

When most people think about a bioweapon they think about some kind of organism, you might think about anthrax bacteria or the smallpox virus, and that is your weapon. But turning an organism into a lethal pathogen that can do predictable harm requires more sophistication. Not only do you have to have a pathogen, but then you have to actually know how to reliably hold it, grow it, and then determine ways that you can effectively disseminate it so that the bacteria or toxin wouldn’t be destroyed. For more exciting stuff please subscribe to our Facebook Page.

World War 1 and Bio Weapons

After World War I, multiple state governments launched their own biological weapons programs, as a research endeavor and stockpiling counter-measure. One of the most top-secret pieces of the Bio-weapons program is the formulation of how to keep these things stable to survive as a weapon. These things are living organisms, so they are very finicky. In the Soviet biological weapons program, they tried to create a plague bacteria that was resistant to several different antibiotics. They created this super, duper plague weapon, but actually, it was a horrible weapon because it would just die. They couldn’t have it survive in the environment. With this focused experimentation, scientists ended up creating enough bio-weapons to kill every person on the planet.

Bio-Weapons a Low Cost Alternate to Atomic Bombs

Decades later, huge investments in genetics made the tools and techniques cheaper and more accessible. Enough for it to be possible to create an engineered synthetic pathogen. And that’s why Synthetic Biotechnologies, and its quest to make biology easier to engineer set off alarm bells. In 2002, a group of scientists from the State University of New York at Stony Brook created the first artificial poliovirus, synthetically, not using any natural viral components, so that was a real radical innovation. At that time, a congressman picked up the New York Times that day, read about this artificial synthesis of the poliovirus, and really got freaked out. Then, a lot of other federal entities got concerned about what happened here. The characteristics of these Bioweapons are that they grew and produced in large quantities, efficiently dispersible, resistant to treatment.

This poliovirus study was actually funded by DARPA, an agency within the U.S. government. All this controversy came out: is this experiment a blueprint for bioterrorism? I became very interested in sort of really wondering is that the case? Is it now that easy to create the pathogen from scratch?. There was a lot of focus on the materials that the scientists basically could buy commercially to do their experiments, the fact that they could download information off of the internet, so it wasn’t really anything that required highly sophisticated material or equipment.

The Unstoppable Biological Agents

Bio-weapons are biological agents – such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi – used offensively against enemy combatants or civilian populations. These weapons are invisible, uncontrollable, and (if you’re not vaccinated or don’t have immediate treatment) unstoppable. So the Bioweapons are living organisms that reproduce or replicate within their host victims their deliberate news of disease-causing biological agents to kill or incapacitate humans, plants, and other animals these are also known as germ bombs examples of biological agents are bacteria, fungi virus, and protozoans, etc. For more exciting stuff please subscribe to our Facebook Page.

These Bio-Weapons have advantages as they have multiple methods for delivery, they possess non-discriminating that cause sickness, deaths, panic, they are cheap to make and store caused no damage to infrastructure. But on the other side, these Bio-Weapons are self-destructive as they are difficult to control once released and they Mutate which makes the worse situation for the medical science to develop their cure as they mutate. Some of the known kill bill bio-weapons are discussed as follows:

Botulinum Toxin

Also known informally as “Botox”. Botulinum has been used as a medical treatment for conditions such as “spasticiy” in the past and is used to this day as a cosmetic treatment for wrinkles. However, if used in combat, Botulinum Toxin can be a horrifically potent biological weapon – seen by some as one of the most deadly substances known to man.

Botulinum Toxin blocks nerve signals from the brain, causing severe respiratory and muscle paralysis. Around twelve hours after contracting botulism, you’re likely to experience fatigue, dizziness, vertigo, and blurred vision. Then, you’ll have difficulty swallowing, and breathing. After that comes severe vomiting, constipation, and diarrhea. Soon enough, you’ll start to experience physical weakness, severe pain, and paralysis across the body. It’s a slow and painful death, if not diagnosed and treated early. Combatants could poison food sources with Botulinum Toxin, or utilize it in its airborne form, wherein the time between contraction and displaying symptoms can take days. Meaning, you could be doomed before you even know it.

Aflatoxin

Aflatoxins are a type of deadly toxin derived from naturally-occurring fungi across the globe. Even outside of their potential application as a bioweapon, aflatoxins already create huge problems for people and livestock everywhere – destroying up to 25% of the world’s crop supply every year. Aflatoxins are commonly present in fermenting nuts and grains, and exposure to humans occurs most commonly through this vector.

If enemy combatants got their hands on a significant supply of aflatoxin, any attacks using it could cause horrific damage to their opponents. In addition to killing or contaminating a nation’s crops, low-level exposure to aflatoxins. Over a period of time, it can increase the likelihood of people developing cancer in all their major organ systems. Longitudinal exposure can also result in birth defects and severely weakened immune systems. However, acute poisoning – known as aflatoxicosis – in the short term can lead to a painful death by liver failure. Its variance in symptoms also makes it difficult to detect before it’s too late. Even low-level aflatoxin exposure after a long period of time can damage a population for years or even decades to come.

Bunyaviruses

Bunyaviruses are a member of the Bunyaviridae viral family, transmitted largely by rodents like rats and small arthropods like mosquitos and flies, allowing them to thrive in hot and unhygienic conditions like dense, urban areas. Bunyavirus has the ability to decimate both human populations and livestock.

If used by a combatant, Bunyavirus could attack a population’s food supply while also inducing dangerous sickness in its citizens. Most commonly, infection with Bunyavirus leads to the victim experiencing a horrifying condition known as severe viral hemorrhagic fever. One of the most common varieties of Bunyavirus is the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (Or CCHF). It’s found largely in Eastern Europe but also occurs across the globe in places like Central Asia and the Congo. The symptoms of the disease at first appear mild – such as headaches, stomach ache, fever, joint pain, and vomiting. However, they become more disturbing over time. Red eyes, severe bruising, nosebleeds, and increasingly violent hemorrhaging. If not properly treated, Bunyaviruses like the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever can have as high as a 50% mortality rate. Your chances of survival are literally like flipping a coin.

Marburg Virus

Marburg Virus and Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever are one of the two members of the Filovirus family – the other being the infamous Ebola Virus. Much like the Bunyaviruses, Marburg Virus can cause the onset of severe hemorrhagic fever. While it can and has infected human victims, Marburg Virus is largely considered an animal-borne – or Zoonotic – disease. Its most common vectors are rodents and cave bats, which are often reservoirs for this nasty virus. Symptomatically, it’s extremely similar to the Bunyaviruses. Initially causing simple and seemingly-innocent symptoms like headaches and fevers. A few days after contraction, the victim is likely to experience nausea, abdominal pains, cramping, vomiting, and diarrhea. However, over the course of about a week, the symptoms worsen and become extremely debilitating. The severe hemorrhagic fever finally sets in, followed by bruising and bleeding from the orifices. This blood, by the way, is infectious and can further spread the virus.

If a combatant got their hands on these viral samples, it’d be bad news for anyone opposing them. Rinderpest isn’t an infection you can catch. Rinderpest has the potential to be such an effective bio-weapon because it’s an extremely contagious and deadly disease that attacks cattle. Considering how vital beef production is to the economy and food supply an attack of the thought-to-be-extinct Rinderpest would be devastating. Cattle infected with the Rinderpest virus suffer from a fever, followed by severe gastrointestinal discomfort that manifests in ulcers and diarrhea. The cow will also release an infectious discharge from its nose and mouth that risks infecting other nearby cattle by contaminating communal water sources. The virus also causes serious damage to the upper digestive and respiratory tract, followed by dehydration, and then death. The Rinderpest virus is a perfect example of the variety of potential bioweapons.

Yersinia Pestis (Plague)

Yersinia Pestis is a bacterium that causes perhaps the most terrifying and iconic infectious disease of all time: The Plague. Spread largely through the Oriental Rat Flea, and other small arthropods, the Yersinia Pestis is a highly infectious disease. The two different varieties of plague are bubonic (known for killing most of Europe in the fourteenth century) and pneumonic plague. The incubation period for this disease is a single day to a whole week, after which, you begin to experience some truly nightmarish symptoms.

The disease spreads to the lungs, causing the pneumonic plague. This version of the plague is significantly more infectious than the bubonic plague, and typically can only be successfully treated if diagnosed within the twenty-four-hour incubation period. Otherwise, painful death is pretty much assured.

Ebola Virus The other member of the Filovirus family, Zaire Ebolavirus – known colloquially as Ebola – is an incredibly dangerous and infectious virus from Sub-Saharan Africa. Originating in animals such as apes and small primates, Ebola spreads from human to human through infected bodily fluids like blood, saliva, and feces. The virus has no cure, and can only be treated symptomatically until it leaves the system. Traces of the virus can also linger on objects for significantly longer than many other viruses, The symptoms of this virus are just as intimidating as its biological resilience. These symptoms are divided into “dry” and “wet” symptoms, progressing from one to the other as the disease worsens. Primary dry symptoms include fatigue, muscle pain, and a high fever. Dangerously, at this stage, it’s often confused with influenza. The wet symptoms are considerably more dangerous, and harder to treat – diarrhea, vomiting, and severe hemorrhaging. In some cases, it’s been known to have as high as a 90% mortality rate. If combatants utilize Ebola in a densely-populated area, the results would likely be devastating.

Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)

Francisella tularensis is a durable aerobic bacterium that causes the disease Tularemia. Typically, like the plague, the vector for this disease’s transmission is a small arthropod – such as a mosquito or flea – drinking the blood of an infected animal and then passing it on to a human victim. However, Pneumonic Tularemia – the lung-borne variant of the disease – is a viable bioweapon because it can be transmitted through the air and is extremely infectious. Aerosol-transmitted Tularemia is considered one of the greatest bio-warfare threats of the modern world. The symptoms of Tularemia also vary massively depending on the particular bacterial strain the victim has been infected with – with symptoms often being dependent on the means of transmission. For example, with ulceroglandular tularemia, a large ulcer will develop at the site of infection and the lymph nodes will become infected and swollen. Oropharyngeal tularemia occurs when the infection happens after consuming infected food or drink and results in swelling and ulcers in the throat. But, the aforementioned Pneumonic strain results in severe respiratory issues, eventually resulting in death.

Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax)

Saving the most infamous biological weapon for last, the Bacillus Anthracis bacterium, and its resulting disease: Anthrax. Anthrax is a disease more synonymous with biological warfare than being a naturally occurring result of bacteria. That’s because, outside of the context of biological warfare, anthrax is an extremely rare disease. And yet, it’s consistently been a part of several major countries’ biological warfare programs. Part of the appeal of Anthrax is how incredibly hardy its spores are – capable of surviving decades in almost any environment with no water or nutrients.

Bacillus Anthracis is about as resilient as a bio-weapon can get, but that’s not where its merits as a bio-weapon end. It’s possible to mass-produce in its highly infectious aerosol form and has an overwhelmingly high mortality rate, and strains of the disease have been antibiotic-resistant in the past. If you’re unlucky enough to be the victim of an inhalation anthrax attack, you’re likely to experience an intense fever, swelling of the throat and abdomen, nausea, stomach pain, fainting, and more.

We are the one who brings the earth to its end as we all never gets satisfied with what we have.

For more exciting stuff please subscribe to our Facebook Page.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *