Sleep talking or somniloquy is parasomnia a sleep disorder that causes abnormal behavior while sleeping. The behavior can occur during any stage of sleep, including the transition from wakefulness to sleeping and vice versa. If you have parasomnia, you might move around, talk, or do unusual things during sleep. It can be quite loud, ranging from simple mumbling sounds to loud shouts and long, frequently unclear speeches, and can occur many times during a sleep cycle. Almost everybody has been told that they have been talking during sleep. It can be disturbing information to hear and a rapid clarification of “Did I say something embarrassing?” we might ask, There’s even the risk that our comments exposed some deep latent desire to which we are usually ignorant. In any case, we are actually curious: “What did I say?”

Do people disclose something important in sleep talking

Usually no, people usually don’t say anything important during their sleep talking. Studies have shown that most sleep speeches are short, incomprehensible utterances, lasting only one or two seconds. The good news is that nothing you say while you’re asleep can be used against you in court, no matter how terrible or incriminating your utterances are. The bad news is that unless a bedtime companion, family member, or roommate tells you that you’re doing it, you’re not likely to know it’s even happening. Sleep talking may occur during both the REM (rapid eye movement) and non-REM sleep phases.

REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

When we sleep, we go through 4 stages of sleep. The first three stages are associated with Non-REM sleep. While the fourth stage is REM sleep. Now according to experts, sleep talking usually occurs in REM sleep. This stage of sleeping accounts for about 20 to 25% of the total time we spend asleep, and it’s a busy time for our brains. During this stage, eyes flutter rapidly underneath the eyelids, blood pressure rises, the heart rate increases, and brain wave activity is similar to being awake.

To prevent us from acting out our dreams. Our body releases two neuro-transmitters. Glycine and GABA paralyze our muscles. Thus preventing us from accidentally hurting ourselves. However, sometimes in this REM stage. The muscles of our mouth and vocal cords escape the hold of glycine and GABA. Scientists call this a motor breakthrough. Hence, we end up voicing our dreams in sleep, thus leading to sleep talking.

Sometimes the noises that nighttime talkers make are little more than groans, grunts, whispers, or laughing. Other times, the person can be having an entire conversation with someone, although you’ll only hear the side of the sleeper. According to one study, the most commonly used word is, “No,”

Who commits it often?

This is a completely normal phenomenon in children, with about half of children aged 3 to 10 witnessing it on a daily basis.
There may be a genetic link between boys and girls talking while sleeping. Therefore, when he or she was a child, if a parent had this pattern, then the offspring might be more likely to display the same behavior and the action becomes less frequent as we age. Sleepwalking and teeth grinding are examples of parasomnias that follow the same trend. Chronic sleep-talking is considered a sleep disturbance in adulthood, which can result from stress and other variables.

Causes of Sleep Talking

REM Sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and sleep terrors are two types of sleep disorders that can cause some people to talk or even shout while sleeping. People with RBD yell, grunt, shout and grunt while people who get sleep terrors thud, kick, cry and scream.
Certain other things that can cause sleep talking are;

1. Excessive medications

2. Emotional stress

3. Mental health disorder

4. Substance abuse

5. Day-time drowsiness,

6. Sleep deprivation.

7. Depression

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